Builtin Functions
Let’s explore some of Python’s powerful builtin functions. These functions are always available and provide essential tools for various tasks. I’ll cover a few of them along with examples:

abs(x)
: Returns the absolute value of a number. It works for integers, floats, and complex numbers.Pythonnum = 5 print(f"Absolute value of {num} is {abs(num)}") # Output: Absolute value of 5 is 5

bin(x)
: Converts an integer to a binary string (prefixed with “0b”).Pythondecimal_num = 14 binary_representation = bin(decimal_num) print(f"Binary representation of {decimal_num} is {binary_representation}") # Output: Binary representation of 14 is 0b1110

bool(x)
: Converts a value to a Boolean (True or False).Pythonvalue = 0 is_true = bool(value) print(f"Is {value} True? {is_true}") # Output: Is 0 True? False

len(iterable)
: Returns the number of items in an iterable (e.g., list, string, tuple).Pythonmy_list = [10, 20, 30, 40] length = len(my_list) print(f"Length of the list: {length}") # Output: Length of the list: 4

max(iterable)
andmin(iterable)
: Return the maximum and minimum values from an iterable.Pythonnumbers = [5, 12, 8, 3, 20] max_value = max(numbers) min_value = min(numbers) print(f"Max value: {max_value}, Min value: {min_value}") # Output: Max value: 20, Min value: 3

sum(iterable)
: Calculates the sum of all elements in an iterable (works for numbers).Pythonscores = [85, 90, 78, 92] total_score = sum(scores) print(f"Total score: {total_score}") # Output: Total score: 345

round(number, ndigits)
: Rounds a floatingpoint number to the specified number of decimal places.Pythonpi = 3.14159 rounded_pi = round(pi, 2) print(f"Rounded pi: {rounded_pi}") # Output: Rounded pi: 3.14
These builtin functions are your trusty companions in Python programming. Explore more of them and leverage their power!